Mining Landscapes

GCRO Research Project
with Kerry Bobbins

View the report here

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Over 130 years ago, gold mining turned the Highveld landscape into a site of mass extraction and city building. As the site of the world’s largest gold deposits, Johannesburg and its hinterland grew quickly, expanding into South Africa’s most populous and economically important city-region.

The extraction of gold, however, brought with it exploitative labour policies. British colonisation in the interior and the embedding of class divides later hardened into apartheid. The landscape legacy of mining resulted further in urban blank zones of toxic mine waste, radioactive lakes and complex health problems for communities neighbouring mine waste areas.

This research report delves into the social and environmental impacts of mining in Johannesburg. Investigating specifically the interfaces between built form and mining waste, it offers insights into how these legacies can be best managed and overcome.